In 2009, there were over 3 million reported cases of child abuse in the United States. The number of children who are abused each year is estimated to be at least twice this amount because so many cases of abuse are not reported.
PHYSICAL ABUSE - Physical acts by parents or caregivers* that cause, or could have caused physical injury to the child. This includes but is not limited to severe beatings, burns, biting, strangulation, or scalding resulting in bruises, broken bones, scars, or internal injuries.
NEGLECT - Failure of parents or other caregiver, for reasons not solely due to poverty, to provide the child with needed, age-appropriate care, including food, clothing, shelter, protection from harm, supervision appropriate to the child's development, hygiene, education, and medical care.
SEXUAL ABUSE - When a person under the age of 18 is exploited for the sexual gratification of an older person*. This includes but is not limited to fondling of the child’s private parts; oral, vaginal or anal penetration by the offender; exposure of sexual parts by the offender; pornography or prostitution.
VERBAL ABUSE (also emotional or psychological abuse) Parental or other caregiver* acts or omissions, such as rejecting, terrorizing, berating, ignoring, or isolating a child, that cause or are likely to cause the child serious impairment of his or her physical, social, mental or emotional capacities.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE - Behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control another person. These behaviors include but are not limited to physical harm, put-downs or name-calling, isolation from others, intimidation, or sexual assault.
WHEN CHILDREN ARE EXPOSED TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IT CAUSES THEM TO LIVE IN FEAR. THESE CHILDREN EXHIBIT MANY OF THE SAME PROBLEMS AND BEHAVIORS CAUSED BY OTHER TYPES OF ABUSE.
Physical, Sexual, and Verbal Abuse can also happen by someone other than a parent or caregiver. It may be a coach, teacher, Scout leader/volunteer, church leader/volunteer, neighbor, relative, or any person who harms another person – including peers, classmates, friends, and dating relationships.
OneTear Ministry for Abused Teens in Minnesota